Indian Golden Oriole
Scientific name – Oriolus Kundoo
Listen to the calls of Indian Golden Orioles here!
Conservation status – Least concern
The male Golden Oriole is a bright yellow colour bird, jet black plumage, and fully black wings. The picture above is of a juvenile male bird, can be known as the black patch around the eyes is missing which is found in an adult male bird.
As with many other birds, the female of the species is more dull-looking slightly greener in colour. Golden Orioles tend to be between 20 – 24 cm in height, have dark red eyes, and a fairly thick, pink beak that is curved slightly downwards at the end. The call is a screech like a jay, but the song is a beautiful fluting as heard in the link above.
Where are they found?
The Golden Oriole was properly named in the 18th century, it is said that the Romans could have been calling them Orioles as early as the 12th century. They are found throughout Europe and western Asia but also in parts of Africa. The Golden Oriole is a summer migrant which means it migrates north for the cooler summer climates, and flies back south to the tropics when the winter begins. The Golden Orioles is nearly always found in parks, orchards and gardens. They spend majority of time in tree canopies where their distinctive plumage helps them to remain hidden from lurking predators.
How is their living like?
The Golden Oriole breeds in the northern regions during the summer months, where courtship involves them chasing one another from tree to tree. The female Golden Oriole builds her nest, generally in the fork of a tree out of plant fibers and stems, in the shape of a shallow cup.
She lays between 3 and 6 eggs which hatch after an incubation period of between 15 and 18 days, that is conducted by the female. Once hatched, both Golden Oriole parents help to feed and look after their young, which will leave or fly away within 20 days. Golden Orioles usually live around 9 or 10 years.
The Golden Oriole is an omnivorous animal that primarily feeds on insects, fruits and seeds. The relatively thick, slightly curved beak of the Golden Oriole is the perfect shape for picking insects out of holes and plucking fruits off the branches.
The Golden Oriole also has wide, clawed feet which assist the Bird in holding onto the more tricky branches when it is trying to gather food. They also play a vital role in re-distributing the seeds from the fruits, throughout their native eco-systems.
Second in the series of Bird Wise is this Golden Oriole, check out the calls of the bird link for more pictures. All pictures have mainly been clicked before & during my exams in March 2016. Now this is how my study breaks look like! 😉